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Useful MeSH for Evidence-Based Medicine

 

The following Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) are recommended for evidence-based medicine research. The MeSH thesarus is the controlled vocabulary for MEDLINE. They provide consistent terminology for concepts covered by the database.

Terms that begin with a slash are subheadings, generic terms used to narrow a particular MeSH. Examples of MeSH/[subheading] combinations are provided.

Each MeSH listed below is linked to its "Scope Note" in the PubMed database. A "Scope Note" provides information on how a particular MeSH is used in MEDLINE, what synonyms it covers, and cross references to other relevant MeSH.

For explanations of explosions (exp) and other MeSH concepts, see How to Find Journal Articles via Ovid MEDLINE.


Diagnostic Testing/Screening

MeSH

Subheadings

  • /bl [Blood]: use with a specific disease MeSH (e.g., exp Hypercholesterolemia/bl [Blood])
  • /cf [Cerebrospinal Fluid]: use with a specific disease MeSH (e.g., exp Meningitis/cf [Cerebrospinal Fluid])
  • /du [Diagnostic Use]: use with chemical compounds, drugs, and physical agents (e.g., exp CONTRAST MEDIA/du [Diagnostic Use])
  • /pa [Pathology]: use with a specific disease MeSH (e.g., exp Liver Neoplasms/pa [Pathology])
  • /pc [Prevention & Control]: use with a specific disease MeSH for mass screening (e.g., exp Lung Neoplasms/pc [Prevention & Control])
  • /ra [Radiography]: use with a specific disease MeSH (e.g., exp Hip Fractures/ra [Radiography])
  • /ri [Radionuclide Imaging]: use with a specific disease MeSH (e.g., exp Thyroid Neoplasms/ri [Radionuclide Imaging])
  • /us [Ultrasonography]: use with a specific disease MeSH (e.g., exp Ovarian Neoplasms/us [Ultrasonography])
  • /ur [Urine]: use with a specific disease MeSH (e.g., exp Bacterial Infections/ur [Urine])

Differential & Physical Diagnosis

MeSH

Subheadings

  • /di [Diagnosis]: use with a specific disease MeSH (e.g., exp Dermatitis, Contact/di [Diagnosis]). Excludes mass screening, radiographic diagnosis, scintigraphic diagnosis and ultrasonic diagnosis, for which specific subheadings exist.

Drug Therapy

MeSH

Subheadings

  • /dt [Drug Therapy]: use with a specific disease MeSH (e.g., exp Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/dt [Drug Therapy])
  • /tu [Therapuetic Use]: use with drugs, biological preparations, and physical agents (e.g., exp PHENOBARBITAL/tu [Therapeutic Use])

Other Therapies

MeSH

Subheadings

  • /dh [Diet Therapy]: use with a specific disease MeSH (e.g., exp DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2/dh [Diet Therapy])
  • /pc [Prevention & Control]: use with a specific disease MeSH (e.g., exp Coronary Arteriosclerosis/pc [Prevention & Control])
  • /ra [Radiotherapy]: use with a specific disease MeSH (e.g. exp Bone Neoplasms/rt [Radiotherapy])
  • /re [Rehabilitation]: use with a specific disease MeSH (e.g., exp Cerebrovascular Accident/rh [Rehabilitation])
  • /su [Surgery]: use with a specific disease MeSH (e.g., exp Myopia/su [Surgery]); excludes transplantion
  • /th [Therapy]: use with a specific disease MeSH (e.g., exp ANXIETY DISORDERS/th [Therapy]); excludes drug therapy, diet therapy, radiotherapy, and surgery, for which specific subheadings exist. Also used for articles dealing with multiple therapies.
  • /tu [Therapuetic Use]: use with drugs, biological preparations, and physical agents (e.g., exp Ginkgo biloba/tu [Therapeutic Use])

Treatment Outcomes

Prognosis

Subheadings

  • /mo [Mortality]: use with human and veterinary diseases for mortality statistics. For deaths resulting from various procedures statistically but for a death resulting in a specific case, use FATAL OUTCOME, not /mortality.

Etiology/Harm

MeSH

Subheadings

  • /ae [Adverse Effects]: use with drugs, chemicals, or biological agents in accepted dosage - or with physical agents or manufactured products in normal usage (e.g. exp Plants, Genetically Modified/ae [Adverse Effects])

Economic Analysis

MeSH

Subheadings

  • /ec [Economics]: use with any subject for economic aspects, as well as for all aspects of financial management. Includes the raising or providing of funds (e.g. exp Back Pain/ec [Economics]).