Researchers provide complete citations in order to acknowledge the use of another writers’ ideas, statements, or point of view. Neglecting this crucial step in the research process results in the creation of a plagiaristic product. Citing the work of others can be useful to readers of your research, as it enables them to access and consult the work of those you cite.
When and where do I cite?
Be sure to provide a citation when you directly quote, paraphrase text, provide a summary of someone's work, or incorporate an author's idea. Numberical in-text citations are usually placed after a name or punctuation (e.g. American Medical Association [AMA] style). Parenthetical in-text citations are usually placed within the sentence (e.g. American Psychological Association [APA] or Modern Language Association [MLA] style).
How do I know that I have documented the work of another in proper detail and format?
Style manuals published by the AMA, APA, and MLA and listed below provide the basis for our examples. For detailed information about these and other styles, you may also consult the style manager in citation-management software or our librarians.
- AMA manual of style : a guide for authors and editors Reserve WZ 345 A511 2007 ToC
- MLA style manual and guide to scholarly publishing Reference PN 147 G444 1998
- Publication manual of the American Psychological Association Reserve WZ 345 A518p 2010