Environmental Science, Ecology & Biodiversity

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Facts and Background Information
Selected print and electronic encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks, etc.
Locate items in the library catalog and other libraries.
Use indexes to search for articles in journals, proceedings, etc.
Recommended academic, professional, and learned societies sites, and more.
Contact a Librarian

Below are a few major, frequently used sources for the study of Environmental Science, Ecology and Biodiversity. The literature is international in scope and organized into primary (the first public record of the research) and secondary (works derived from primary sources) publications, although this distinction is beginning to be blurred in some web resources.

See also the research guides: Biology, Agriculture, Plant Sciences, and Botany, Geology and General Science. For additional information on sources please consult a librarian. Internet resources require a Tufts I.D. number for off-campus access (authorized users statement).


Facts and Background Information     [back to top]


Atlases & Maps

AAAS Atlas of Population & Environment
[PRINT. Tisch Book Stacks HB849.415 .H374 2000]

Atlas of the Environment
[PRINT. Tisch Reference G1046 .G3 L4 1994]


Dictionary of Ecology
[PRINT. Tisch Reference QH540.4.C66 1998]

Dictionary of Ecology and the Environment
[PRINT. Tisch Reference QH540.4 .C65 1998]

Dictionary of Environment and Sustainable Development
[PRINT. Tisch Reference HC79 .E5 G518 1996]

The Environment Dictionary
[PRINT. Tisch Reference GE10.K45 1998]

Oxford Reference Online - Earth and Environmental Sciences. Oxford Univ. Press.

Terms of Environment. EPA.


Community of Science (COS)
An internet site for the global research and development community. Within the site are: COS Expertise, which gives personal profiles of professionals in the research community, and COS Funding Opportunities, a prime sources for grant information.

Conservation Directory
[PRINT. Tisch Reference S920 .C64 2003]
Lists about 2,000 U.S. government agencies & universities with environmental programs.

Environmental Profiles: A Global Guide to Projects and People
[PRINT. Tisch Reference GE1 .K38 1993]
Resource for international environmental efforts - the how, why and where.

World Directory of Environmental Organizations
[PRINT. Tisch Reference S920 .W67 1996]
A directory of 2,100 organizations in over 200 countries that are concerned with the environment and natural resources.


Conservation and Environmentalism: An Encyclopedia
[PRINT. Tisch Reference GE10 .C68 1995]
Emphasis on ecology, pollution, and sustainability.

Encyclopedia of Biodiversity
[PRINT. Tisch Reference QH541.15 .B56 E53 2001]

Encyclopedia of Energy
All forms of energy are covered from energy use and the environment, to the effect of energy on history and society. Also included are a glossary of energy terms and a chronology of energy-related events.

Encyclopedia of Environmental Biology
[PRINT. Tisch Reference QH540.4 .E52 1995]
Covers animals and plants worldwide; gives common name, scientific name, phylum, class, order, and family information. Has geographic and species index.

Encyclopedia of Environmental Issues
[PRINT. Tisch Reference GE10.E52 2000]

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics
[PRINT. Tisch Reference GE45.S73 E53 2002]


The Official World Wildlife Fund Guide to Endangered Species of North America
[PRINT. Tisch Reference QL84.2 O35 1990]


Standard Handbook of Environmental Science, Health, and Technology
[PRINT. Tisch Book Stacks GE123.S73 2000]


Annual Review of Ecology & Systematics
Online access (Coverage: v.27- (1996-)
[PRINT holdings: v.1- (1970-) QH540 .A53]
Back volumes are also in:
JSTOR online access (Coverage: v.1- 28 (1970-1997))

Annual Review of Energy and the Environment
Online access (Coverage: v. 21- (1996-)
PRINT holdings: v.16- (1991-) TJ163.2 .A55
Former title: Annual Review of Energy
[PRINT holdings: v.1-15 (1976-1990) TJ163.2 .A55]

BIOSIS Internet Guides: Software Reviews
Reviews programs available in anatomy, taxonomy, ecology and population biology.

Resources for Writing


Acronyms Server

Oxford Reference Online - Earth and Environmental Sciences

Oxford English Dictionary Online

Style Manuals & Guides

Elements of Style by William J. Strunk

Resources for Writers

A web-based reference/citation and bibliography manager. Allows users to keep track of and download citations from our internet databases/indexes and then use these references for writing and automatically formatting papers and bibliographies. This software works with EndNote too!

Find Books     [back to top]

A library’s catalog covers most aspects of a subject over centuries of publications in many languages. Catalogs can be searched by author, title, subject, and keyword. Tisch Library uses the Library of Congress (LC) classification scheme. LC classification brings similar books together on the shelves, which facilitates browsing. The environmental sciences collection is interdisciplinary. Materials can be located within several Library of Congress classification call number categories: GE (environmental science); QH (biology), QH 75 (biological diversity), QH 540 (ecology); QL (zoology); S (agriculture--conservation of resources); and TD (environmental technology). Environmental policy will be found in the LC classifications HC (economic history); J (political science); and K (law).

The Catalogs

Library Catalog How To Use

Boston Library Consortium Catalogs How To Use

Harvard University Library System Catalog (HOLLIS)

National Research Council of Canada
Includes Canada Institute for Scientific & Technical Information (CISTI).

WorldCat. FirstSearch. How To Use
Click on WorldCat or select WorldCat database from the search box.
Covers almost all of the catalogs of the major research libraries, as well as public libraries.

Other Sources for Books

Books in Print
Lists books currently in print and available on the market for purchasing.

Document Delivery
Borrow from other libraries, both books and journal articles.

The Online Books Page: GE Environmental Sciences
List of online books that are freely available from the University of Pennsylvania’s Digital Library.

The Online Books Page: QH-QR Biological Sciences
List of online books that are freely available from the University of Pennsylvania’s Digital Library.

The Online Books Page: TD Technology & the Environment (including Pollution)
List of online books that are freely available from the University of Pennsylvania’s Digital Library.

Find Articles     [back to top]

To locate articles or research papers within periodicals and journals, it is necessary to use specialized databases known as indexes. Database Searching Tips (also available in PDF) provides valuable information on how to construct a search for best results.


Bibliographic records of journal articles, theses, patents, software, and technical reports related to agriculture from 1979 to the present.

BIOSIS Previews. ISI. 1980- How To Use
A comprehensive life sciences database, incorporating Biological Abstracts.

Bureau of National Affairs
BNA’s Environment Library on CD (1993-present )
[CD-ROM - Request at Tisch reference desk]
Commercial product that offers complete collection of environmental laws, regulations, and supporting documents. Federal coverage includes environment, chemical controls, and hazardous materials transportation. State coverage includes full-text statutes and regulations.

Cambridge Scientific Abstracts - Earth & Environmental Sciences. CSA/IDS. How To Use
Select Earth and Environmental Sciences and click on Quick Search. Then select Environmental Sciences and Pollution Management. Search sub-files to retrieve the following indexes:
Agricultural and Environmental Biotechnology Abstracts
ASFA 3: Aquatic Pollution and Environmental Quality
Bacteriology Abstracts (Microbiology B)
Ecology Abstracts
EIS: Digests of Environmental Impact Statements
Environmental Engineering Abstracts
Health and Safety Science Abstracts
Industrial and Applied Microbiology Abstracts (Microbiology A)
Pollution Abstracts
Risk Abstracts
Toxicology Abstracts
Water Resources Abstracts

Environment Abstracts
Online: LexisNexis Environmental Universe. LexisNexis, 1975- How To Use
PRINT. Tisch Reference Indexes [SCI] Z7171 .E59 v.10- (1980-)
MICROFORM. Tisch Microforms Envirofiche F55 v. 6- (1976-)
Major source for environment literature.

Environment Complete. EBSCO.
Provides abstract/index information for over 1000 titles in the area of environmental policy and studies. Over 500 titles have ongoing coverage.

Environmental Universe. LexisNexis. How To Use
Contains both the on-line, full version of Environment Abstracts (1975-), information on hazardous waste, legal materials on the environment and environmental news.

GEOBASE. OCLC First Search, 1980- How To Use
Indexes worldwide literature on geography, geology, and ecology.

National Environmental Data Index. U.S. Government.
Provides full-text search of the environmental information compiled by agencies of the federal government.

Science Citation Index Expanded. ISI, 1945- How To Use
Part of the ISI Web of Science, this index provides author, subject and citation access to journal articles and book reviews in the sciences, as well as citation values for particular papers, citation tracking and related records. Updated weekly.

Scopus. Elsevier, 1966-
An index to the world's scientific, technical and medical literature (14,000 scholarly titles), including 2,700 titles in Social Science, Psychology and Economics. Updated daily. Non-English titles are covered as long as English abstracts are available. Full-text linking is available wherever the technology and the access arrangements permit and continues to expand as such arrangements allow. Integrated web searching and patent searching by Scirus.

Current Contents Connect. ISI. How To Use
An ISI current awareness database with an interdisciplinary focus; covers science, social science and humanities; includes the latest issue and table of contents from over 8,000 of the world’s research journals and some evaluated scholarly websites. Can create auto alerts for e-mail updates. Has search and journal browse functions. Updated daily. Coverage extends to one year.

Electronic journals

Periodicals are listed in the library catalog. Holdings in all formats are unified in one record, and most entries for journals held in electronic format contain a hyperlink to the source. Searches in the web-based catalog enable one to follow these links directly. A complete list of electronic journals is on the Tisch homepage under Electronic Journals.

Key Weekly Science Journals

Nature. Nature Publishing Group.
Current: v387-, 1997-
Back volumes v. 54-84 (1896-1910) and v.132- (1937-): [PRINT. Tisch Bound Periodicals Q1 .N2]
Back volumes v.112-131 (1923-1933): [MICROFORMS. R93]

Science. AAAS.
Current: v270-, (1995-)
Back volumes v.1-270, (1800-1995)

Collections of Electronic Journals

An aggregation of research journals in the biological, ecological, and environmental sciences published by small societies, and non-commercial publishers.

ScienceDirect. Elsevier.
A database of over 1,700 journal titles covering the life, physical, technical and social sciences. Titles start with the initial volume of publication; all titles have tables of contents and abstracts and most have full-text articles. Tufts has access to approximately 800 titles from 1995 to date. The titles formerly published by Academic Press commence with 1993. Green boxes indicate subscribed titles; white boxes are for non-subscribed titles. Please note: ScienceDirect no longer provides access to non-subscribed titles. Articles from non-subscribed titles must be obtained from Tisch Document Delivery or purchased directly from ScienceDirect. Browse the SD Environmental Science journals.

Provides access to 460+ electronic journals with full-text and some book series. The focus is on science and technology. Browse the Online Library: Environmental Sciences.

Wiley InterScience
Provided is full-text access to 300+ journals published by John Wiley & Sons. Browse earth science and environmental journals.

Other Sources for Research Papers

Conference and proceedings, dissertations, technical reports, and patents are other sources for original research.

ISI Proceedings How To Use
An index to the published literature of significant conferences, symposia, and seminars.

Conference Papers Index. CSA/IDS, 1982-
Citation to papers presented at major science meetings worldwide; focus is on life and environmental sciences. Choose Earth and Environmental Science, click on quick search to retrieve Conference Papers Index.

Dissertation Abstracts. First Search. 1861- How To Use
Indexes dissertations accepted at accredited institutions; covers all disciplines. Updated monthly.

Tufts University Dissertations. ProQuest, 1996- How To Use
Tufts dissertations and theses published in Dissertation Abstracts from 1996 to date.
Provides full-text access.

GrayLit Network. U.S. Government.
A science portal of technical reports from the Department of Energy, Department of Defense, Environmental Protection Agency, and NASA.

Patents Indexes

Derwent Innovations Index. ISI. How To Use
A resource for patent literature from 40 patent issuing authorities. Uses the ISI search interface and links forward in time to citing patents and backwards in time to cited patents. Coverage for some patents begins in 1963.

esp@cenet (Searchable Worldwide Patents Database) EPO, 1920-
Free worldwide patent information with full-text patents from the European Patent Office.

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
Website for the USPTO. Information on patenting an idea, doing a patent search, and locating a patent depository library.

USPTO Patent Classification Home Page
U.S. Manual on Patent Classification searchable website.

Find Web Resources on the Internet

In the 1980s the World Wide Web emerged and spawned publications of its own, independent of the print traditions. Information retrieved from the open web must be reviewed for authority, accuracy and authenticity. Keeping these limitations in mind, there are some excellent information resources available from the open web, especially those associated with government agencies and universities. See how to evaluate web resources.

General Web Search Engines

Google How To Use
A top ranked web search engine, with good relevancy. Uses tabs at the top of the search box. Groups tab leads to a Usenet news database: sci.environment or sci.biology (ecology and conservation) as a subcategory. The Directory is a Page Rank version of the Open Directory with categories for: Environment and Ecology. There is also a tab for Images and News.

Alltheweb.com How To Use
Good web search engine. Indexes full webpage, PDF files, Microsoft Word files, and text within Flash files. Also includes tabs for databases of news, pictures, videos, audio and FTP files.

Specialized Web Search Engines

Scirus. Elsevier. How To Use
A comprehensive science-specific search engine. Locates peer-reviewed articles.

Websites     [back to top]

Academic Institutions

Columbia University:
Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)
Part of Columbia University’s Earth Institute. Center uses an interdisciplinary approach and current information technology to help solve problems related to human interactions in the environment.

Tufts University:
Tufts Institute of the Environment
An interdisciplinary, university-wide education and research institute that facilitates and coordinates environmental programs at Tufts University. Site has information on education and research, projects, resources, and grants.

Atlases & Maps

AAAS Atlas of Population & Environment
How populations affect the world’s ecosystems through text, maps and diagrams.

Canada’s ecosystem in maps.

Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.
The world is divided into regions to reflect terrestrial biodiversity.

EnviroMapper. EPA.
Create maps with various types of environmental information, including air releases, drinking water, toxic releases, hazardous wastes, water discharge permits, and Superfund sites.

Global Environmental Risk Map Network
A compilation of maps relating to environmental risk.

Island Directory
Provides resources on islands including basic UN documents, educational materials, and a directory with their geographic, environmental and socio-economic characteristics.


Columbia Earthscape
An online resource on the global environment with a focus on teaching, learning, research and policy. Includes: Research by Discipline: Ecology/Environment ; Research Links: Ecology/Environmental Studies

Data & Statistics

Statistical Resources on the Web - Environment. University of Michigan.
Lists government (and some international) websites that contain statistics/information on diverse environmental topics. Sponsored by the University of Michigan Library.

The World Data Center System
A global network of discipline subcenters that facilitates international exchange of scientific data. Under the guidance of the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU).

Database Inventories - Species & Taxonomies

All Species Toolkit Search Engine
A project to tie together disparate taxonomic databases published on the Web. This file indexes species, common names and synonyms from twelve different contributing databases.

Endangered Species on EE-Link
Links to educational resources and information on endangered species.

International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI)
Group is working to provide a series of computerized databases summarizing taxonomic, biological, and other information on plants of the world. Provisional checklist now available.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Provides taxonomic, conservation status, and distribution information on species that are facing a risk of global extinction.

Names Index (APNI). Expert Center for Taxonomic Identification (ETI).
ETI is a non-profit foundation dedicated to improve on a global scale the quantity, quality and accessibility of taxonomic information, based on an initiative of UNESCO. Databases available are: World Biodiversity, World Taxonomists, Catalogue of the Type Specimens of the Dutch Herbaria, and UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms.

Species 2000 Catalog of Life
Species 2000 is a federation of database organizations working together to create an array of databases that will cover all known species within a group or organisms. Search the Dynamic Checklist.

Tree of Life
The Tree of Life is a collaborative web project, produced by biologists from around the world. On more than 2600 webpages, the Tree of Life provides information about the diversity of organisms on Earth, their history, and characteristics.

Gateways & Portals (Web Libraries)


Biodiversity and Biological Collections
Contains information pertaining to specimens in biological collections, taxonomic authority files, and links to biodiversity resources and collections. Housed on the web server at the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan.

USA Biodiversity Links
A Biodiversity links resource page sponsored by Charles Chester, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.

Virtual Library of Ecology and Biodiversity
Scan the table of contents or search the site for information on endangered species, captive breeding, habitats, and environmental issues by state, U.S. legislation, or values of biodiversity.


UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre
Established in 2000 as the world biodiversity information and assessment center of UNEP. Website has information on various topics such as species, habitats, and climate change. Also offers conservation information via interactive mapping.

UNEP WCMC Conservation Database
Species, forests, protected areas and national biodiversity profiles are some of the topics within this collection of databases.


California Digital Library/Library of California Environmental Information Resources
A database of web resources developed as a pilot project focusing on all aspects of environmental sciences from agriculture to weather. The project ended in 2000 and new sites are no longer being added.

An environmental information clearinghouse with an extensive compilation of web resources arranged by subtopic.

Environmental Sites on the Internet
Created by a member of the Division of Industrial Ecology at the Royal Institute of Technology - Stockholm, Sweden, this site offers a searchable index of web links or one can browse the list by subject.

National Library for the Environment. National Council for Science and the Environment.
Offers easy access to Congressional Research Service reports on environmental issues and biodiversity.

Renewable Energy Policy Project
Information about renewable energy, energy efficiency and sustainability.

New Zealand Digital Library - United Nations University Collection on Critical Global Issues
An initial project to create a digital library. Contains 210 publications with a focus on agriculture, land management, and natural resources. Project ended in 2000.

New Zealand Digital Library - University of Waikato World Environment Library
The University of Waikato’s initial efforts at establishing a virtual library of environmental resources. The library contains 400 publications selected from the fields of agriculture, biodiversity, climate change, natural resources, water and others. Project ended in 2000.

Window To My Environment. EPA.
A geographic portal to community-based environmental information.

Government Resources

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
U.S. agency responsible for leading the nation's environmental science, research, education and assessment efforts. Provides links to key topics from air to water.

Envirofacts Data Warehouse
A one-stop source for U.S. environmental data on waste, water, toxins, air, radiation, and land.

EPA National Environmental Publications Information System (NEPIS)
Full text of EPA reports from the early 1990’s to the present.

EPA Online Library System (OLS)
OLS houses the National Catalog which provides holdings information for books, reports, and audiovisual materials in most of the 28 EPA regional libraries and laboratories. The catalog also contains holdings for EPA documents in NTIS (National Technical Information Service) and displays NTIS abstracts.

EPA - Region One: New England
Environmental information for New England.

EPA - Water
Resource for water, including the watershed initiative.

Global Warming
Information for the public on climate change and global warming

Integrated Risk Management System
Database containing information on human health effects as related to exposures from chemicals in the environment.

Toxics Release Inventory Program
EPA database that contains information on toxic chemical releases and other waste management activities reported annually by certain industry groups and federal facilities.

Global Change Research Information Office (GCRIO)
Provides access to data and information on climate change research, adaptation/mitigation strategies and technologies, and global change-related educational resources on behalf of the various U.S. Federal Agencies that are involved in the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP).

Gateway to Global Change Data and Information
Access to data sets, publications, news, and research pertaining to global climate changes.

Earth Science Division at NASA Ames Research Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
Focus is on science issues associated with global change, with particular attention to atmospheric and ecosystem science and biosphere/atmosphere interaction.

Global Change Master Directory
provides descriptions of Earth science data sets and services relevant to global change research. The GCMD database includes descriptions of data sets covering agriculture, the atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere and oceans, snow and ice, geology and geophysics, paleoclimatology, and human dimensions of global change.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Federal agency responsible for conducting research and gathering information about the global oceans, atmosphere, space, and sun, and using this data to improve the lives of Americans. Website offers information on weather, fisheries, coastal areas, and research programs.

National Environmental Data Index (NEDI) Catalog
Provides the capability to search across several environmental databases from a variety of federal agencies.

National Climactic Data Center (NCDC)
U.S. agency tasked with collecting, analyzing, and disseminating global climate information. Provides access to archived weather data. Includes Climate of 2003; reporting on this year’s global climate data.

Protected Resources
Website for the Office of Protected Resources. Of particular note are links to information on coral reefs, endangered species, and marine mammals.

USAID & the Environment. U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).
Lead U.S. government agency that helps resolve global environmental problems and promotes environmentally sustainable economic growth in developing countries worldwide.

Ecological Site Information System (ESIS). U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Ecological Site Inventory for Forestland and Rangeland data and the accompanying Ecological Site Description database. Also includes access to the Plants Home database.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
A project to create a list of biological names with a focus on the biota of North America.

NAL Water Quality Information Center
Electronic access to information about water and agriculture

National Extension Water Quality Database

Natural Resources Conservation Service (NCRS)
Leads partnerships in an effort to help conserve, maintain, and improve natural resources and the environment. Site contains information on conservation programs, news, and technical resources. Has links to U.S. plant database.

USDA Forest Service
Resource for public grasslands and forests, includes Healthy Forest Initiative proposal.

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) links:

Trends Online - A Compendium of Data on Global Change. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center.
Resource for atmospheric trace gas concentrations, greenhouse gas emissions, climate, and ecosystems.

Environment, Safety, and Health Digital Library
Current ES&H documents, bulletins, and regulatory information.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) links:

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR)
Lead public health agency responsible for assessing health hazards at specific hazardous waste sites and studying the health effects that may result from exposure to hazardous substances.

ATSDR's Hazardous Substance Release and Effects Database. Provides information on the release of hazardous substances and effects on human populations.

Toxicological Profiles. ATSDR.
Toxicological profiles for hazardous substance found at National Priorities List (NPL) sites. These hazardous substances are ranked based on frequency of occurrences, toxicity, and potential for human exposure.

National Institutes of Health (NIH) links:

National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)
A national resource for molecular biology information, NCBI creates public databases, conducts research in computational biology, develops software tools for analyzing genome data, and disseminates biomedical information. Databases include: Entrez (access to sequence, mapping, taxonomy, and structural data), BLAST (program for sequence similarity searching), and GenBank (DNA sequence database).

International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups (ICBG)
Information on the biodiversity programs supported by ICBG.

TOXNET. National Library of Medicine.
An integrated system of toxicology and environmental health databases. Databases relating to the environment are: TOXLINE, a bibliographic database on toxicology; DART/ETIC, the database of the Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology and Environmental Teratology Information Center; HSDB, the Hazardous Substances Data Bank with information on the toxicology of potentially hazardous chemicals; IRIS, the Integrated Risk Information System which contains information on human health effects that may result from exposure to chemicals in the environment.

U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI)
The nation's principal conservation agency.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)
Agency that conserves, protects and enhances fish, wildlife and plants and their habitats.

Endangered Species Program. FWS.
Information on threatened and endangered plants and animals, laws and policies regarding conservation, and ESP publications.

Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
A browse and search website that provides information pertaining to the health, diversity, and productivity of the 261 million acres of America’s public lands, including statistical information and annual reports.

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
The bureau of Dept. of the Interior that provides reliable scientific information to describe and understand the Earth and to manage U.S. water, biological, energy, and mineral resources. Search function available.
Also browse Environment : http://www.usgs.gov/themes/environ.html


Biological Resources. Biological Resources Division, USGS.
Provides the scientific understanding and technologies needed to support the management and conservation of America’s biological resources.

National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)
Collaborative program to provide increased access to data and information on the nation's biological resources. The NBII links databases, information products, and analytical tools maintained by NBII partners and others in government agencies, academic institutions, non-government organizations, and private industry.

Biocomplexity Thesaurus. NBII.
A thesaurus to search the concepts relating to biocomplexity.

Biodiversity. NBII.
A comprehensive selection of databases pertaining to biodiversity.

A gateway to Federal and State invasive species programs. Includes information on the impact of invasive species and species profiles.

National Gap Analysis Program. USGS.
Provides regional assessments of the conservation status of native vertebrate species and natural land cover types.

Environmental Policy

Environmental Affairs Program. USGS.
Provides guidance and information on the National Environmental Policy Act and other environmental issues.

Geospatial Data & Maps

USGS Node of the National Geospatial Data Clearinghouse
Pathway to information about geospatial or spatially referenced data available from USGS. To view data, may require geographic information systems (GIS), image processing systems.

National Mapping and Remotely Sensed Data. USGS.
Clearinghouse gateway to USGS national mapping and remotely sensed data.


National Water Information System Website
Information on the occurrence, quantity, quality, distribution and movement of surface and underground waters.

Water Resources of the United States. Water Resources Division, USGS.
Provides hydrologic information and analysis on U.S. water resources.

Bureau of Oceans & International Environmental & Scientific Affairs. U. S. Department of State.
Bureau of the State Department that coordinates U.S. international oceans, environmental and health policy. Website contains information on these topics, calendar of events, international projects, and archives.

Government Resources - Canada

Environment Canada
Canada’s environmental protection and policy agency.

National Forestry Database Program. Canadian Council of Forest Ministers.
National forestry statistics.

Natural Resources Canada
A federal government department specializing in the sustainable development and use of Canada’s natural resources, energy, minerals and metals, forests and earth sciences.

Government Resources - Europe

European Environmental Agency
Offers resources, links, and data on a number of environmental topics.

Government Resources – International

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Homepage of the UNEP, whose mandate is "to provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations."

Global Environment Outlook. UNEP.
Access to GEO reports online.

World Bank - Environment
Working with client countries to address environmental challenges, the Bank ensures their projects and programs integrate principles of environmental sustainability. This site contains information on the Bank’s activities, partnerships, publications, and strategy.

Government Resources - Massachusetts

Massachusetts Executive Office of Environmental Affairs
With links to the following executive offices:

And links to the following executive agencies:


American Environmental Photographs 1891-1936

Early Encounters in North America - People, Cultures & the Environment
Accounts of early encounters between Europeans and Native Americans from the mid-1600's through the mid 1800's, of particular interest are the environment, fauna and flora sections.

The Evolution of the Conservation Movement 1850-1920
A Library of Congress site that documents the history of the conservation movement using a variety of historical resources (books, pamphlets, photos, and film).


Access. NBII.
Newsletter of the National Biological Information Infrastructure with focus on biological data management.

Business/technology news, sustainability, education, policy and recreation as they relate to environmental interests.

Environmental News Network (ENN)
A commercial environmental news site with in-depth features, an online chat forum, and a marketplace which lists companies committed to the environment.

Global Network of Environment and Technology (GNET)
Provides worldwide access to information on environmental news, products and services, marketing opportunities, contracts, government programs, policy and law, and business assistance resources.

Non-Governmental Agencies (NGO’s)


Center for Biodiversity and Conservation. American Museum of Natural History.
The CBC’s activities integrate scientific research, education, and outreach to motivate people to become involved in conserving the world’s biodiversity.

Convention on Biological Diversity
A resource for international cooperation on biodiversity issues. Formed by the United Nations Environment Program. Of note, “Biodiversity Related Organizations” link provides an extensive list of other biodiversity websites organized by subject.

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna & Flora (CITES)
CITES is an international agreement that aims to ensure that trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. This website contains text of the convention, a directory of parties, its programs, the list of protected species, and CITES news.

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)
Promotes the standardization, digitization and global dissemination of the world’s biodiversity data.

Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN)
An internet-based forum for technical and scientific cooperation that seeks to promote greater coordination among Western Hemisphere countries in the collection, sharing, and use of biodiversity information relevant to decision-making and education.


The Nature Conservancy
The Nature Conservancy's mission is to preserve the plants, animals and natural communities that represent the diversity of life on Earth by protecting the lands and waters they need to survive. Information is available through the search function or via links to topics such as invasive species, climate change, and marine initiatives. Go also to ConserveOnline (under Resources) an online library of documents pertaining to conservation science and practice. This site also has discussion groups, maps and spatial data, and provides access to repositories of conservation information housed at other organizations.

A non-profit conservation organization that provides scientific information and tools to help guide conservation action. NatureServe represents a network of member programs that collects and analyzes data about plants, animals, and ecological communities of the Western Hemisphere.

The World Conservation Union (IUCN)
IUCN draws together states, government agencies and a diverse range of non-governmental organizations: over 980 members focus on species and biodiversity conservation and the management of habitats and natural resources. This website contains a variety of information related to the environment and biodiversity including: new and research articles, environmental law, species survival, ecosystem management, social policy, and habitat conservation. A search function is also available.


Committee for the National Institute on the Environment
Working since 1990 to improve the scientific basis for environmental decision making. Tufts is a university affiliate.

Earth Council
An international non-governmental organization created in 1992 to promote and advance the implementation of the Earth Summit agreements.

EcoFeminism Web Ring
Ecofeminism is a social movement working against the interconnected oppression of gender, race, class and nature.

Environmental Defense
Non-profit advocacy group whose goal is to evaluate environmental problems and work to create solutions that are nonpartisan, cost-efficient and fair.

Friends of the Earth International
A federation of autonomous international environmental organizations working toward sustainable development, protection of the earth’s biodiversity, equal access to resources, and public participation and activism in environmental decision making.

Greenpeace International
Activist organization that uses non-violent confrontation to publicize global environmental problems and works to find solutions. Web site contains information about the group, its projects, news, and features.

National Council for Science and the Environment (NCSE)
A non-profit advocacy association for environmental issues.

North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC)
CEC is an international organization created by Canada, Mexico and the United States under the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) and was established to address regional environmental concerns, help prevent potential trade and environmental conflicts, and to promote the effective enforcement of environmental law.

Union of Concerned Scientists - Citizens and Scientists for Environmental Solutions
A non-profit group of citizens and scientists advocating change in government and corporate policy that will protect the environment. Special interest are: Food, Vehicles, Environment, Energy and Security. The Environmental programs focuses on Forests, Invasive Species, and Global Warming.

World Resources Institute (WRI)
WRI is an environmental research and policy organization that provides information and proposals for policy and institutional change that will foster environmentally sound, socially equitable development. This website accesses the organization’s publications, project information, and news.

Professional Associations & Societies


Society for Conservation Biology
A biodiversity ecology website.

Society for Ecological Restoration International

The Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology


Air and Waste Management Association (AWMA)

American Water Works Association (AWWA)

Environmental Mutagen Society (EMS)

International Society for Environmental Ethics (ISEE)
Site provides a searchable bibliography on environmental ethics. (Citation results only)

National Environmental Health Association (NEHA)

National Ground Water Association (NGWA)

Research Tools

All Species Foundation
A relatively new non-profit organization attempting to complete an inventory of all species of life on Earth within the next 25 years.

All Species Tools
Contains the Species Toolkit, which is an integrated set of tools to help taxonomists disseminate information, which due to a lack of funding did not get fully developed. However, the code is available.

Biota - The Biodiversity Database Manager
Biological data and collections management software that helps manage specimen-based biodiversity and collections data by providing an easy-to-use graphical interface to a fully relational database structure. Created by Robert Colwell, University of Connecticut.

The U.S. Long term Ecological Research Network
A collaborative effort involving more than 1100 scientists and students investigating ecological processes over long temporal and broad spatial scales. The 24 LTER Sites represent diverse ecosystems and research emphases.

WWW-Server for Ecological Modelling

An online data and information management resource for ecologists. Collaboration of researchers to produce software, systems, publications, and services that are useful for ecological and environmental science research.

GIS.com is a portal to GIS information on the Web. Created by ERSI. From the Map Book Gallery:
Geography and GIS - Sustaining Our World (ERSI Map Book v.17)

GIS & Mapping Software

GIS WWW Resource List

Study & Teaching

Discover Life.Org
An introduction to the environment.

Environment of Planet Earth
A site for environmental education

GLOBE Program
Worldwide hands-on primary and secondary school education and science program.

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Regina Raboin. Contact for reference questions and instruction requests.

Tufts University