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Sport as Performance

Research Sources & Tips







Background Information and Visuals

Reserves and Books

Journal Articles and Popular Press

Writing and Citing Sources


I. Background Information

Theatre and Performance


The Cambridge Guide to Theatre.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre & Performance.

From Ritual to Record: the Nature of Modern Sports. / Allen Guttmann.

From Ritual to Theatre: the Human Seriousness of Play. / Victor Turner.

The performance Studies Reader. / Henry Bial

Performance: a Critical Introduction. / Marvin A Carlson.

Major Problems in American Sport History: Documents and Essays.

The Encyclopedia of North American Sports History


International Encyclopedia of Women and Sports.

Historical Dictionary of the Modern Olympic Movement.

Berkshire Encyclopedia of world Sport

Encyclopedia of International Sports Studies


II. Reserves and Books

A. Use Library Catalogs for Reserves and Books

B. Sample Searches:

(note the search pattern; modify to your own needs)

1. Course Reserves


2. Tufts Libraries Catalog

3. WorldCat (beyond Tufts)


Path of Discovery in the Catalog

1. Find a title/author (assigned readings/Course Reserves);

2. Note the descriptive language of the Catalog record.

3. Use that language in further searches


e.g. Click on subject/author in the record to see further results and related topics.


Title Sport Fans: the Psychology and Social Impact of Spectators / Daniel L. Wann ... [et al.].
Publisher New York: Routledge, 2001.
Subject Sports spectators -- Psychology.
Sports -- Social aspects.
Sports spectators -- Social conditions.
Added Author Wann, Daniel L.

Based on readings in your syllabus, here are some subject browses you can use:


baseball fans


college sports

professional sports

Sports for women

mass media and sports

sports journalism

Racism in sports

Violence in sports

Sports -- Moral and ethical aspects

Sports -- Psychological aspects

Sports -- Religious aspects

Sports -- Social aspects

Discrimination in sports -- United States -- History.

Gay athletes

Lesbian athletes

Sports -- Sex differences -- United States

sex discrimination in sports

stereotypes social psychology in sports


Theater -- Anthropological aspects

sports in literature

Theater -- Semiotics

sports spectators


A Keyword search:

(Rite* or ritual*) and s:(sport* or soccer or football*)





1. rite* searches for rite, rites, all forms of the word.


2. and in between keywords and phrases.


3. S: searches for words in subject headings.


4. Or and ( ) to search any or all of the words.


III. Journal Articles and Popular Press

A. Subject Databases for Journal Articles

B. Popular Press:

C. Finding Full Text

1. Databases

JSTOR and Project Muse

Two favorite collections of core journals of all disciplines.


3. Academic OneFile
All subjects; a convenient Quick Start.


subject-specific databases:

4. America: History and Life

5. Anthropology 

6. Communication & Mass Media Complete

7. International Index to Performing Arts  

8. MLA International Bibliography (drama and theatre studies)

9. Sociological Abstracts    

10. SPORTDiscus with Full Text  

11. When use GoogleScholar, set your Library Links to access Tufts full texts.



LexisNexis Academic

Factiva (more international coverage)




Ethnic NewsWatch 1960 -



Boston Globe (1872-1979)

New York Times Online Archive
(1851 - 3 years before current date)


Times Digital Archive (1785 - 1985)



Readers' Guide Retrospective (1890-1982)

American Periodicals (1740 - 1940)


British Periodicals  (1681 - 1920)





     Some of the oldest continuously published magazines in America, including American Spectator, Commentary, Commonweal, Dissent, Harpers Magazine, NACLA, The Nation, The National Review, The New Republic, New York Review, and The New Yorker.


1. Click on the findIt@tufts button button in your search results screen to a window of three sequential options:

a. link to the digital full text when available;

b. link to a Library Catalog search for the print journal;

c. link to ILliad for requesting the article when the above two options are negative.

2. Search for a journal directly here:

a. Tufts Library Catalog (including e-journals)

b. Electronic journals list

c. Use ILliad to request your article, if Tufts does not have your journal.



IV. Writing and Citing





A Short Guide to Writing about Literature by Sylvan Barnet. Ref: PE1479.C7 B3


Tufts Academic Resources Center -- Writing Tutors



Chicago Style Manual

MLA Style